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Brushes
          I use a variety of different brushes ranging in size, shape, and hairs. I will start off a painting using hog hair bristle brushes from either Robert Simmons Signet or Rosemary & Co. As a progress further into the painting, I begin to incorporate synthetic and softer brushed made by Rosemary & Co.
Pencils & Dry Media Supplies
          Unlike the brushes I use, I am not concerned with using a specific brand for my artist's pencils. I find myself using primarily HB for studies. For fully rendered graphite drawings, I will add an H and 2B to my HB. I will occasionally use a 4H, 5H, 6H when working in the lights but I rarely go any darker than a 2B to avoid creating a reflective varnish over the drawing.

          The only charcoal I use is Nitram Charcoal. I cannot recommend it enough and there are no other charcoals that compares to it. A unique characteristic of Nitram Charcoal is that there are a couple values ranges of charcoal available instead of the standard one-grade charcoal.  Nitram Charcoal is the only charcoal that The Florence Academy of Art uses in addition to many other ateliers and academies.

          When I use white chalk for my drawings on toned paper, I use two different types. The first is a white chalk pencil by Generals. This is a cheaper pencil and the pigment is cut with more clay. The result is that the white chalk is fairly reserved and muted. I will then use a Conte Paris white pastel pencil to add the brightest brights on top of the Generals chalk.

          Some miscellaneous supplies that I use in my works are kneaded erasers, micro tip eraser, knife and sandpaper for sharpening, blending stump, stiff and soft brushes, chamois, a white and a black mirror, and plumb lines or measuring stick. 
Drawing and Painting Surfaces
          My favorite high quality drawing paper that I use straight from the pad or tone it to my desired value is Legions Stonehendge paper. This is pretty expensive paper but is worth every penny. I just make sure to reserve the Stonehendge for rendered drawings. For charcoal, I use either Roma paper, or Arches Cold Press. Every charcoal drawing that is currently on my website was done on Roma paper or toned Roma paper.

          For my paintings, I like to make my own Belgium Linen canvases because I have found that most store bought canvases (both cotton and linen) are subpar for skill based painting. They are much more affordable than making your own but the quality and longevity are extremely compromised. I am also experimenting with applying rabbit skin glue and lead grounds to birch panels for larger paintings and small plein air studies.
Paints and Pigments
          Like preparing my canvas, I think mulling your own paint will result in the best quality. However, with all of the tools that are needed to turn raw pigment into paint, I normally use tube paint when I am outside of the academy's facilities. I am currently working with a very limited palette for my studio pieces. My colors are Lead White, Yellow Ocher, Vermilion Red, Raw Umber, and Ivory Black. For plein air painting, I am working with a broader color range which includes Titanium White, Cadmium Yellow, Yellow Ocher, Cadmium Red, Alizarin Crimson, Raw Umber, Phalo Green, Ultramarine Blue, and Cobalt Blue. There is not much science behind my plein air color palette and these colors can easily be substituted or minimized. One Important attribute of my plein air palette is that I do not use any black. I am able to achieve a value just as dark by mixing Alizarin Crimson and Ultramarine Blue together. This allows for a more vibrant value range and keeps the "life" in the shadows when working from nature.

          As far as tube paint brands go... My palette has a variety of different brands including Old Holland, Michael Harding, and Rublev. For my Yellow Ocher, I recommend getting the Rublev Natural Pigment as I have found that it has the most pigment to oil ratio allowing for a much broader color range when working with a limited palette. 
Technology, Software, Online Content Tools 
I use a variety of different tools for filming videos, taking high resolution photographs of my artwork, and building an online presence. I want to mention first off that I started with limited access to equipment. I would consider this aspect of being an artist secondary. It is important to grow yourself as a business but if there is no artwork or skill behind the business, there is no reason to purchase expensive equipment.  I would recommend investing in supplies first off and then equipment secondary.  The camera I use is a Nikon D800 with a very versatile lens. I just recently got a content creation quality laptop, the Dell XPS 17, This is currently one of the highest quality and largest size screens on a laptop in the market. I use this screen for reference materials in situations where working from life is not an option. I use a photography membership for Adobe Lightroom and Adobe Photoshop which also comes with MyPortfolio, the website design software that I am using.

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